Post by annelieseRN on Nov 17, 2017 13:57:20 GMT -5
The major components are the RBC's whose major role it is -- is to carry oxygen. The white blood cells whose major role it is is to fight infection and the platelets whose job it is to help form clots. all of these are formed in the bone marrow. There are other components but these are the main cellular ones.
RBC lab values are measured a couple different ways: Hematocrit which is the % of RBC's Norm Male: 40 - 54% Normal Female 38 - 47% of RBC's
Another way to measure the RBC's is the amount of hemoglobin in the blood
Grams per deciliter Normal Male 13.5 g/dl - 18 g/dl Normal Female is 12 -16 g/dl
If the Red Blood Cells are normal the hematocrit is about 3 times the normal hemoglobin value. Both of these values are affected by the client's fluid status because they are measurements of how much the RBC's occupy of the total volume of blood. Therefore if the is no change to the total number of RBC's but a great increase in fluids, the hematocrit will decrease, If there is no change in the total number of RBC's but a decrease in the fluid, such as in dehydration, the hematocrit will increase. 2 min blood disorders.